这个概念以前从未尝试过。现在,我们正在构建它-在朋友的帮助下。
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?yvind Lestad, Enova. ?rjan Rist, Equinor. Astrid Morken, Kv?rner. All photos: Ole J?rgen Bratland, Equinor

Lots of people have said “what if…?” But no-one has actually tried powering offshore platforms with wind turbines before. Now, together with Enova and Kv?rner, we’re building the world’s largest floating offshore wind farm—in the middle of the North Sea.

Hywind Tampen将成为世界上第一个为海上石油和天然气平台提供动力的浮动风电场。众所周知,80%的最佳风能资源都已远离海洋,但迄今为止的挑战一直是如何利用风力。在海深超过60米的地方,开发固定在海底的解决方案非常困难,而且成本也非常高。

这就是Hywind的用处-Equinor的浮式风力涡轮机设计垂直漂浮在水中,这要归功于其龙骨浮标设计以及龙骨中有数千吨的压载物。 Hywind在挪威沿海成功进行了测试,然后被选为世界上第一个浮动风力发电场,即Hywind Scotland,该风电场于2018年开业。Hywind Tampen will be twice as large and be the first floating wind farm in Norway.

Hywind Tampen不仅将成为挪威第一个海上风电场,还将成为世界上第一个为海上油气平台提供动力的风电场。旨在为挪威北海的海上油田作业提供电力。

关于Hywind Tampen

  • 11 wind turbines – the world’s largest floating wind farm
  • 总容量为88MW。这将提供五个平台Snorre A和B以及Gullfaks A,B和C所需的年功率的35%。该项目每年将减少20万吨的二氧化碳排放。
  • Enova为该项目提供了23亿挪威克朗的资金支持
  • 通过测试新的和更大的风力涡轮机,新的安装方法,简化的系泊设备,混凝土结构以及燃气和风能动力系统的集成,风电场将成为进一步开发海上浮动风的测试环境。
大蛇丸是怎么死的

要举起大东西,你必须一起举起

?rjan, Astrid and ?yvind from Equinor, Kv?rner and Enova explain how the Norwegian offshore industry is cooperating to shape the floating wind industry and low-carbon society of the future. (In Norwegian, with English subtitles)

Maturing a technology and establishing a whole new market is quite a task. Still, if there’s one thing that the Norwegian continental shelf has taught Equinor, it’s that everything is possible if you work towards a common goal. As head of New Energy Solutions in Equinor, P?l Eitrheim says, “to lift big things, we need to lift together“. Video: Ole J?rgen Bratland, Equinor

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?rjan Rist
Equinor的项目经理

“If we manage to crack the code, the possibilities are endless. Then we could place wind turbines all over the world,” says ?rjan Rist.

进入新市场的巨大飞跃
“If we manage to crack the code, the possibilities are endless,” says project manager ?rjan Rist in Equinor. “Then we could place wind turbines such as these all over the world,” he says.

“This is going to be a real leap forward into new markets, and our goal is to create a new industry in the low carbon economy,” says ?yvind Lestad, of Enova.

Enova是一家挪威政府企业,主要负责环境友好的能源生产和使用。感谢Enova,Hywind Tampen开始了从画图到现实的旅程。

莱斯塔德说:“这是应对全球挑战的答案之一。” “进入低碳现实,我们需要探索确保工作,福利和专业知识的新方法。因此,伊诺瓦(Enova)将Hywind Tampen视为实现更大目标的机会。”

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?yvind Lestad
伊诺娃

政府支持
挪威政府的支持至关重要,它带有一系列非常明确的期望:该项目应动员能源和供应商行业创造新的商机。

向Hywind Tampen提供的财政支持是Enova预算的很大一部分,但Lestad相信它将获得回报。短期内不一定要在国家预算中以实际现金报酬,但从长远来看,从社会经济和气候角度来看。

“对于挪威国家来说,这是一笔不错的投资,它将进一步推动这项技术的发展。我们之所以这样做,是因为它将成为技术,Equinor和供应商在世界范围内的垫脚石。”他说。

Hywind Tampen如何工作?

?rjan Rist from Equinor and Astrid Morken from Kv?rner explain the principles behind the Hywind Tampen floating wind turbines. (In Norwegian, with English subtitles) Video: Ole J?rgen Bratland, Equinor

风车和风力涡轮机有什么区别?

Hywind Tampen项目的插图

风力发电机器的技术术语是风力涡轮机。风车原本是一台磨床,但风车一词仍在多种语言中使用,是风能发电机器的更常用术语。在外部技术环境中,两个术语都被使用。

未来在漂浮
为了对浮动海上风电的潜力有所了解,国际能源机构(IEA)估计,浮动风电可以提供世界电力需求的18倍之多。

欧盟委员会也意识到了这种潜力,并在其中一种情况下提出,到2050年,欧洲所需的电力中三分之一将来自浮动风。
但是,到目前为止,海上风力发电所面临的挑战一直是费用问题。但是成本正在下降。

“We’re moving from something that is exciting in a pure technological sense to something that is exciting on an industrial scale. A little bit bigger, a little bit better and less expensive every time,” says ?yvind Lestad.


在朋友的帮助下
“We can’t do this alone,” says ?rjan Rist. “We have to work together with our licence partners, the suppliers, the part of Equinor that runs the fields, in addition to all the public stakeholders and neighbours who will have this up close and personal in the shape of jobs and construction activity.”

Although Equinor and Kv?rner have worked together for decades, this time around is a little different. They are constructing the foundations for more than a single project.

“We need to succeed to continue to be relevant and to be a part of the solutions for the future. We are laying the groundwork for a whole new market,” says Astrid Morken in Kv?rner, the engineering company who will provide the concrete foundations and the mooring system, as well as the marine operations.

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阿斯特丽德·莫肯(Astrid Morken)
Kv?rner

期待被拖走

Before production starts there’s one major milestone everyone is waiting for. The sight of 11 turbines sailing towards the horizon.

“I have grown up in the west of Norway, close to the area where the assembly will take place, and we’re fairly used to seeing platforms being towed out. But this will be quite different, this will be very cool,” says Astrid enthusiastically. ?rjan couldn’t agree more.

他说:“我非常期待与大家在组装现场站在一起,观察拖车。”

但这要到2022年中期才会实现。在此之前,斯特德和多默尼斯都会为混凝土基础奠定基础。然后将11个地基拖曳到Gulen,在那里将塔吊在每个地基的顶部。由Siemens Gamesa在德国Cuxhaven制造的涡轮机和在丹麦奥尔堡制造的叶片将在涡轮机驶离之前吊装到位。

A complex jig-saw puzzle is under way, but ?rjan is surprisingly calm. Considering the logistics of getting so many people and companies to work together to make this happen, he could easily have been worried.

?他说:“但是我们肯定会愿意将这个项目整合在一起。” Hywind Tampen的生产计划于2022年最后一个季度开始。