世界最黑的孩子

家庭发展理论
话题: 家庭, 核心家庭, 大家庭 页数: 11(2746字) 发布时间: 2011年3月30日
家庭发展理论
历史发展

? Family developmental theory is an approach to studying families, which is useful in explaining patterned change, the dynamic nature of the family, and how change occurs in the family life cycle.世界最黑的孩子

? The roots of family developmental theory date back to the 1930s from works of sociologists, economists, and demographers who established family categories (which were the precursors to the stages of development

? From the mid 1940s to the early 1950s, theorists such as Paul Glick, Evelyn Duvall, Reuben Hill, and Rachel Ann Edwards contributed to a more sophisticated developmental approach.

? Since the 1950s, family developmental theory has been used to explain the processes observed in families over time.

家庭发展理论分为三个阶段

第一阶段–理论家关注家庭生命周期
? Process of birth, growth, maintenance, shrinkage and death

Phase II - contemporary theory – Theorists Focused on Roles and Relationships within the family ? Family is composed of social roles and relationships that change with each stage of the family Phase III – Theorists critique the theory

? Look at the limitations and strengths of the framework. ? One criticism is that the framework is biased towards intact nuclear families, only one of many different types of family structures Major Constructs

? Family developmental theory includes two basic concepts 1. the life cycle
? The family life cycle divides the family experiences into stages over the life span and describes changes in family structure and roles during each stage. 2. Developmental task.

? Developmental tasks are the growth responsibilities that arise at certain stages in the life of the family. ? To be successful, family members need to adapt to changing needs and demands and to attend to tasks that are necessary to ensure family survival. Definitions世界最黑的孩子

? Family life cycle – Set of predictable steps or patterns and developmental tasks families experience over time. o The family life cycle concept facilitates studying the family from beginning to end.

? Family stage – A time period in the life of a family that has a unique structure. o For example consider Duvall’s Stages of the Family Life Cycle, Families with preschool children

? Transition – The shift from one family stage to another o Consider the Intact Family Life Cycle. The transition, for example, from Families with Adolescence to Launching Children is what occurs in the family as all members make the adjustment.

假设条件

? Not age that matters, but the stage in family development

? Individual Development is important, but development of group of interacting individuals is most important

? Developmental processes are inevitable and important in understanding families

o将从一个阶段发展到另一个阶段。

世界最黑的孩子 o家庭和个人会在一段时间内发生变化。他们经历了一系列相似的发展阶段,面临着相似的过渡点和发展任务。

o要了解家庭,我们必须考虑他们在每个阶段所面临的挑战,解决它们的能力如何,以及他们过渡到下一阶段的能力如何。

o在每个阶段中完成开发任务的成功或困难将导致其准备进入下一阶段或在后续阶段中遇到困难。

o这个家庭充满活力,我们分析了他们在每个开发阶段对任务的掌握程度。

长处
? The ability to view the dynamic nature of the family over long periods of time ? The ease of understanding the stages and developmental tasks and the challenges families have to face

Criticisms
? Lack of ability to account for different family forms, and gender,...
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